Многосоставные общества между государственной и сообщественной нацией  | Южно-российский журнал социальных наук
Многосоставные общества между государственной и сообщественной нацией 
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https://doi.org/10.31429/26190567-19-3-96-125
https://doi.org/10.31429/26190567-19-3-96-125

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Поцелуев С.П., Тимкук Д.А. Многосоставные общества между государственной и сообщественной нацией  // Южно-российский журнал социальных наук. 2018. Т. 19, №3. С. 96-125. DOI: 10.31429/26190567-19-3-96-125
Дата поступления 2018-07-04
Дата принятия 2018-09-04
Дата публикации 2018-09-27

Copyright (c) 2018 Поцелуев Сергей Петрович, Джулфа Аарон Тимкук

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Аннотация

Данная статья нацелена на осмысление проблем нациестроительства в многосоставных обществах. Для этого авторы прежде всего осуществляют критический разбор ключевых понятий, активно используемых российскими учеными в обсуждении упомянутой проблемы: нация, национальная идентичность, гражданская нация, российская нация и др. Авторы отвергают эссенциалистскую мистификацию (овеществление) и постмодернистскую релятивизацию данных понятий как контрпродуктивную в научном отношении и политически ангажированную. Основываясь на модернистcко-конструктивистcкой трактовке феномена нации, авторы предлагают трехчленную схему для осмысления нациестроительства в многосоставных обществах, выделяя сообщественный, государственный и собственно гражданский типы. Российский случай гипотетически относится в статье к государственому типу нациестроительства. В этой связи подвергается критике, с опорой на понятие многосоставности российского общества и соответствующие социологические данные, взгляд, согласно которому нет никакой необходимости в строительстве российской нации. Нигерийский же кейс авторы рассматривают в контекте их гипотетического концепта «сообщественной нации». В статье рисуется подробная картина многосоставной нигерийской политии, расколотой по этноконфессиональным, лингвистическим и прочим линиям. Авторы приходят к выводу, что в этой ситуации выстраивание доверительных отношений между лидерами сегментов нигерийского общества выступает ключевым моментом строительства сообщественной нации как первого этапа на пути нигерийцев к полноценной гражданской нации. В статье акцентируется важная роль в этом процессе культурно-художественных практик аккультурации и философских идей убунту.

Ключевые слова

многосоставное общество, национальная идентичность, российская нация, гражданская нация, государство-нация, сообщественная нация, нигерийская нация, доверие, убунту

Финансирование

Статья подготовлена при финансовой поддержке Российского фонда фундаментальных исследований, проект № 18-011-00906 «Когнитивно-идеологические матрицы восприятия студентами Юга России современных социально-политических кризисов».

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