Дезинформация как инструмент и составная часть информационного противоборства Запада | Южно-российский журнал социальных наук
Дезинформация как инструмент и составная часть информационного противоборства Запада
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https://doi.org/10.31429/26190567-23-2-18-36
https://doi.org/10.31429/26190567-23-2-18-36

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Федоров А.В. Дезинформация как инструмент и составная часть информационного противоборства Запада // Южно-российский журнал социальных наук. 2022. Т. 23, №2. С. 18-36. DOI: 10.31429/26190567-23-2-18-36
Дата поступления 2022-07-25
Дата принятия 2022-08-27
Дата публикации 2022-08-30

Copyright (c) 2022 Александр Валентинович Федоров

Лицензия Creative Commons

Это произведение доступно по лицензии Creative Commons «Attribution» («Атрибуция») 4.0 Всемирная.

Аннотация

В условиях глобализации коммуникаций и широкой доступности социальных сетей дезинформация, взятая на вооружение Западом в рамках ведения им информационного противоборства с неугодными странами в целях нарушения общественной стабильности, оказания влияния на процессы социального и политического управления, стимулирования протестных движений и общественных беспорядков, стала серьезным вызовом национальной и международной безопасности. Именно через разрушающее влияние на национальное сознание, культуру и образование были подготовлены и осуществлены «цветные революции». Конкретным проявлением такой линии Запада стала нацификация населения Украины, закрепленная фейковыми обещаниями дивидендов от победы над Россией. Результатом 30‑летнего дезинформационного воздействия на сознание украинцев, формирования условий для расцвета политики «постправды» стала готовность населения страны воспринимать ульташовинизм за стремление к «независимости», а антирусскость — за «европейский путь развития». Нормативные правовые инструменты противодействия распространению дезинформации стали вводиться в национальное и международное право в начале текущего столетия. Межправительственным соглашением ШОС 2009 г. дезинформация названа в ряду угроз международной безопасности. Запад, усматривающий в расширении практики дезинформации признаки «дисфункциональности демократии», также начал борьбу с ней, приняв Европейский Кодекс практик в отношении дезинформации и поддержав профильную резолюцию 76‑й сессии ГА ООН. Однако эти шаги стали не более чем декларациями: поток дезинформации нарастает и принимаемые меры не действуют.

Ключевые слова

дезинформация, общественное сознание, информационное пространство, информационное противоборство, информационная вой­на, информационное оружие, СМИ, социальные сети, информационные ресурсы, пропаганда, фейк-ньюс

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